Sunday, October 6, 2019

Plastic pollution

Plastics are the high molecular mass organic synthetic polymers derived mostly  from petrochemicals that are highly malleable so that they can be easily moulded into different solid forms. They are low cost,  highly durable, versatile property, light in weight and resistant to water. That's why they have started using on a wide scale for multipurpose uses replacing many traditionally included articles like wood,  stone, horn, bone etc that ultimately lead to the problem of plastic pollution.


The main problem arised because of the non biodegradable nature of plastic that takes hundreds of years to disintegrate into simple substances that can be easily absorbed by soil,  water and air. Thus leading to the water, air and land pollution.

According to one estimation, about one billion tons of plastic has been discardrd since 1950.The problem started increasing with the entry of micro plastics within the food chain specifically through oceans. A research conducted come up with the data that since 1960, microplastics were started concentrating in the guts of seabirds. The most scariest thing is the entry of micro plastics in the food chain affectino the food web globally. Surprisingly,  50 - 80% of the marine debris is plastics.


Ocean conservancy has found that some countries and rivers are the major contributors to the major marine plastic pollunion.
Recent research studies found that degradation of plastic takes place faster in ocean due to sun,  water and other environmental conditions although releasing a chemical known as bisbhenol A but the massive volume of plastic accumlating in the ocean is slowing down the process of decomposition.
 It is surprising to note here that a foam plastic cup takes 50 years and a disposable nappy takes 450 years to decompose and much more is there. Unbelievable! In a recent survey by Global Oceanic Environmental Survey has announced that most probably,after 25 years there will be a breakdown of ecosystem in sea and ocean that will result in the collapse of terrestrial that is land ecosystem which eventually will result in the end of life on Earth.In order to prevent the Earth from such a disaster, although recommendations are prescribed like the Ban on single use plastic, planting greens more and more, recycling of plastics and no harmful discharge by the industries in the environment.


Recycling of plastics can be done depending upon thermoplastic or thermosetting plastics but the main problem besides cost making is the sorting out of plastics for recycling. However,  these unrecycled waste products can be incinerated,  done land fills, or waste to energy conversions can be made out. Microbial disintegrations of plastics can be done efficiently too for specific classes of plastics.

The recent survey suggests that plastic will result in the accumulation of green house gases equivalent to 800 millions tons of CO2 in the atmosphere in the current year 2019. Global warming is also affected by the plastic pollution.


Incinerated plastics releases carbon emissions in the atmosphere and uncontrolled incineration of plastics results in the release of carcinogenic compounds.
In India, various initiatives have been taken to control the plastic pollution.

Recently, a decision is taken by the Government of India for the ban on every single use plastic items under the Scheme of Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan (part 2) Clean India( plastic free India) by the year 2022. Although in 2016 an initiative has already been taken for the complete ban on the plastics carry bags below 50 microns under "Plastic waste management rules 2016".

In the Independence speech our Prime Minister Narender Modi also addressed the nation for making Plastic free India.Indian Railways has started using Kulhad that is earthen pots at 400 Railway Stations as declared by Our Home minister Amit Shah. He further added that will not only boost up the handicrafts but also generate employment and foremost good for the environment.
On Mahatma Gandhi's 150th birth anniversary IGNOU announced the ban on single use plastic in the campus.
Recently,  India's first plastic to diesel conversion plant is inaugurated in Mathura and surely will fulfill the dream of Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan of India.
Alternative uses of plastics


Plastics can be used to make roads impervious of water, more durable and low cost by combining plastic waste with tar on heating.

Plastic can be used to make low budget homes with beautiful and attractive looking.







Thursday, September 26, 2019

Best places to visit in Gujarat

“Kuch din to gujariye Gujarat mein”

1.Rann of kutch
This is the most mesmerizing place I have ever seen anywhere else nestled between endless Thar desert and mighty Arabian Sea having a unique combination of sand and salt. It is said that on full moon nights, this shines like a diamond with a serene calmness all around.we have rented the cottage nearby Runn during the winter cultural festival of Runn of Kutch equipped with all basic eminities showcasing the village culture in a miniature form.Best time to visit Gujarat is during winters, when the cultural fest called 'Rann Mahotsav' is flaunting with live music, dance,Camel ride, Kutch's art and craft and much more.So this one is the must to visit place.

2.Dwarka
Amongest the Chaar Dhaam, Dwarka is the main Hindu pilgrimage destinations in India which is famous for Lord Krishna's sacred city that fills the surroundings with a bliss all around. Bet Dwarka is the place taken by boats across the waves in the middle and renowned Dwarkadhish Temple
is the five story building and a famous Hindu's tourist place.

3.Diu
Diu , a small island having beaches, cool breezy air all the year around and has the popular tourists attractions like Nagoa Beach, Diu Fort reflecting the Portuguese culture. The beaches are superclean and offers nostalgic views.

The famous Folk live music video




4.Gir National Park
The only Natural habitat of Asiatic lions is Gir National Park Where you can watch other wild animals like Hyenas, black bucks, fish owls and all that too in a complete harmony with each other. Watching face to face is truly a lifetime experience although that depends on your good luck times too.

5.Somnath Temple
One of the most sacred places dedicated to Lord Shiva and considered as one of the twelve Jyotirlings, with a beautiful sideview of sea and infrastructure is having intricate designing.

6.Rani Ki Vav
This place is still in our bucket list to visit. The main highlight of the stepwell is that its walls that are ornamented with motifs and showcases images of various god and goddess.

7.Marine National Park, Jamnagar
In this long coastline, there is a tiny reserve known as Marine National Park, which is one of its kinds in India, on the Gulf of Kutch. It’s the only place in India where we can easily find the coral reefs of different shapes and sizes without diving in the water.

8. Laxmi Vilas Palace
 Laxmi Vilas Palace is indeed one of the grandest structures in India and the palace is believed to be nearly four times the size of Buckingham Palace.

9.Saputara Hill Station in Gujarat
If you think Gujarat is just about forts, palaces, temples but surprisingly it is also having a hill station within its vicinity, Saputara. Tucked in the Sahyadri hills amidst the dense forest, Saputara is an uber cool retreat that offers people of Gujarat respite from its humid weather.

10. Sabarmati Ashram in Ahemdabad
Sabarmati Ashram is located in the largest city of Gujarat, Ahmedabad that adjoins the Ashram Road, on the banks of the River Sabarmati. Ahemdabad has famous Akshar Dham temple complex.
And last but not the least ,The statue of Unity, we already discussed in our last post is making Gujarat outshine.

Cultural festivals and street foods of Gujarat
If you visit to plan in winters, then International Kite festival is the must to watch when the sky is overloaded with the brilliant picturesque view of varieties of kites all around.  On Makar Sakaranti, there is a unique kite festival having celebrated all across Gujarat with a huge favor.
The major Gujarati meals you can't miss anyway if you are in Gujarat are Khakhra, Thepla, fafda, Gathiya with fried green chillies are their famous street foods.

Definitely, never to miss if you are in Gujarat during Navratri, Garbha and Dandiya are the famous traditional dances of Gujarat full of enthusiasm and blissful vibes all around.

The famous cities of Gujarat includes Ahemdabad, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot. As we spent a long tenure in Rajkot,  we really miss the 9th most cleanest city of India and also the 29th fastest growing cities all over the world.

Monday, September 23, 2019

Gujarat

Few years before, when we were staying in Gujarat I found the the state surprisingly quite different from the rest of India, here when I started to find out for the reasons

1.Most prosperous state with GDP almost thrice than India's average, that's not only  the most interesting part of Gujarat but also make us feel proud.

2.Gujarat also known as the 'jewels of the west' has the highest number of vegetarian people as compared to any other state in India.

3.Gujarat is the safest state and having the least crime against the women among all other states of India and you can feel the difference, specially if you belong to Northern India.

4.World's largest grass roots refinery also belongs to Gujarat and is present in Jamnagar which is operated by Reliance India Limited that is founded by Dhirubhai Ambani. Also visit travel-44.com  for more interesting information

5.Surat in Gujarat is the richest city of India even ahead of Bangalore and is also known as the diamond city of the world and is a hub for cutting and polishing diamond.

6.Let's come to most interesting part of Gujarat that every five Indian American is Gujarati and Gujaratis own thousands of hotels and motels in US.

7.Gujarat has cent percent electrical connectivity throughout the state covering all villages and cities.

8. Gujarat has the longest sea shore area as compared to any other states in India, amazing! That's why you go anywhere in Gujarat you will find a beach nearby.

9.Gujarat is the only present natural habitat of Asiatic lions and also Asia's biggest milk dairy is also in Gujarat.

10.Here, the most adorable thing about Gujarat are the roads, not only the national highways but 100% connectivity of villages with well built roads.

The world's highest statue called 'Statue of Unity' of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is also present in Gujarat.


Now,  we know why we need to visit Gujarat atleast once and in the next post we will be outlining the best places to visit in Gujarat, their culture, traditions and values.

Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Darjeeling and Gangtok best views

Though it is difficult to capture the natural beauty of our beautiful North Eastern India, but as a human behavior we try to grasp everything that draws our attention.

Darjeeling


Darjeeling is world famous for their exotic Indian Tea Estates and this is the first thing that attracts you after coming to Darjeeling.Here is the video made on the best views of Darjeeling Tea Estates 

Tsungu lake After then we proceeded towards Gangtok and the first site to be viewed was Tsungo Lake which is 40 km away from Gangtok
Let's have a lifetime view of tsungo glacier lake from the top of the valley elevated by ropeways.

https://amzn.to/331nCJJ


Buddha Park in Ravangla 




Buddha Park in Ravangla is having a high statue of Buddha as a centralized piece in the park,  all surrounded by the lush green natural beauty, mesmerizing the Buddhist Culture. https://amzn.to/35503l0

Akshar Dhaam in Namchi 

Here is the exact replica of all the four Dhaams and twelve Jyotirlings of our Hinduism in one complex great center of attraction for tourists and pilgrims.




Also Visit travel-44.com for more interesting stories and information related to Darjeeling and Gangtok 

Saturday, September 14, 2019

Festivals of September 2019


India celebrates the unity in diversity with so many cultural festivals celebrating all the year around.

Janamashtami

Janamashtami is among the major festivals that is commonly observed by keeping the fasting and worshipping, believing that Lord Krishna to have been born on this day, according to our Hindu's tradition. Dahi Handi is the most commonly ritual observed. Mathura, Vrindavan, and Gokul are most crowded with their flying colors.

Here, is the beautiful Lord Krishna at the home.


Ganesh Chaturthi,

Next, being Ganesh Chaturthi, is the celebration time for Lord Ganesha! During Ganeshotsav, chanting of vedic hymns, prayers are done and on the last eleventh day immersion of the idol is done.

These are the pics of this year's Ganesh Visarjan, we have done in our Society. To avoid the immersion in the water bodies, people are now becoming more aware of the environment and we started the  Visarjan in our Society itself.


Durga puja or Navratri

The last week of September commences with Durga puja or Navratri and one of my favorite festivities that goes with fasting and Devi puja for nine days. Kanya Puja is done on the last day of Navratri though we should do it all the year around. 

Garbha in Gujarat 

In Gujarat, Garbha is the major attractions  and here, we really enjoyed Garba during our stay in Gujarat. Visit my another blog of  travel-44.com for more pictures. 

 

Puja pandals in Kolkata 

Where as in eastern India, huge number of puja pandals are set up with amazing decorations.Kolkata being in its most exciting state revealing it's most expensive pandals. Here, I posted few pics revealing the 
Beautiful pandals in Jamshedpur during our last year's visit. This year,we are excited to see something new.
On the last day of Puja, Idol is immersed.




Moharram , Onam and many more are  also there in the festivities.

Now,  the October is on the way with its vibrant colors. 

Friday, September 13, 2019

Ghats of Banaras

Banaras,the most Ancient city ,it's rich culture, also being born  there, I am a little more inclined towards the place.

  The Charismatic beauty of the ghats of Banaras are difficult to explain in words


.Ghats have the unique  combination of the life and death playing together, realizing us about the biggest truth of life.

Few Ghats are having Aarti, puja and the celebration of life going on. While another Ghat is having the cremation going day and night.
We have lots of mythological stories relating them all.

And, of course, our Maa Ganga,  is connecting one and all. All the day and night, People take the dip in the holy river.
Morning and Evening Aartis are major attractions to watch and definitely takes us to some another world.

 The place is also famous for Banarasi Silk, Banaras ka paan, Banaras ka Madari, Banarasi Sadhu ,hundreds of temples and also the streets of Banaras and the food and.. The list goes on with travel-44.com

It is said, Once you have been there, the  place makes us to think being watching the life more closely.

Jaipur

Padharo Mahre desh is the tagline here.




Rajasthan as the name suggests, Raja ka Sthaan or King's place is the most colorful state I have ever seen. So, here, we are just not talking about deserts and little water but it's rich culture, forts and palaces,Camel ride, daal baati churma, ghoomar dance, bandhini fabric and much more.

The first place, I visited after coming to Rajasthan is pink city, Jaipur. What a city it is, the forts and palaces will make you feel never less than a king or a queen.Here, is the picture of Amber fort that has massive architecture. This is one of the best tourist attraction in Jaipur.


Amber palace has Sheesh Mahal inside. Intricate designing is the treat to the eyes to watch.

Earlier I saw the pictures on Google but after watching them in front of my eyes is unbelievable. India has finest of art and culture in the world.

The place is famous for the puppets, decorating attires, Jaipur handlooms and much more,all were in my bucket list.